[Un chirurgien enseigne]Robotic surgery is a big misunderstanding that “artificial intelligence operates” | Wonderful human body | Diamond Online

Where does saliva come from? , The mysterious power to control eye movement, the biggest factor that kills a person, what is flatulence? , “Deep sense” is amazing… The structure of the human body is beautiful and well-made. As a Keiyu surgeon, cumulative total blog of more than 10 million PV, Twitter (Keiyu Surgeon) The author, who has more than 90,000 subscribers in the account, presents the knowledge of the human body, the history of the great doctor, the episode of the discovery of viruses and bacteria and the development of vaccines, common sense surprising of modern medicine, etc. “Wonderful Human Body” which expresses the depth of medicine was released. Tatsuo Sakai (anatomist, professor at Juntendo University)”The human body is still full of mysteries. This book guides readers into a deeper world while offering fascinating topics on various ideas about the human body and medicine.I’m going to show you some of the content that was acclaimed. Click here for the popular series back number.

[Le chirurgien enseigne]Robotic surgery is a big misunderstanding that Photo: Adobe Stock

Surgical robot “Da Vinci”

In 2018, a robot called “Darwin” appeared in the medical drama “Black Forceps” aired on the TBS series. What surprised me was that the “Da Vinci Surgical System” robot used in actual surgery was used.

The appearance of genius surgeon Seijiro Watami sitting on the surgeon’s console (so to speak, the cockpit) looked like a real surgeon.

The “Da Vinci Surgical System” surgical assistance robot was developed by Intuitive Surgical in the United States and began to be marketed in 1999. The name is, of course, named after Leonardo da Vinci, a genius of the Renaissance who has extensive knowledge of anatomy.

Robotic surgery is a form of endoscopic surgery. A robot arm holds a “forceps”, and a human controls it to perform endoscopic surgery. Of course, it’s a robot arm that has a camera.

“Robotic surgery” is often misunderstood as “a surgical robot equipped with AI (artificial intelligence) that automatically performs surgery”, but it is not. The forceps are moved by a robotic arm, and it is a human being who operates them. Therefore, to be precise, it is called “robot-assisted surgery”. This means that the robot will assist the surgeon.

Advantages of robotic surgery

There are various advantages. Since the grippers have joints, you can move with great freedom deep inside your body. Since it can be used in a seated position, operator fatigue is slight.

By viewing 3D images, you can get a field of view close to the naked eye. The fact is that it is easy to perform detailed operations with the “motion scale” which reduces the width of the movement, such as moving the hand 5 centimeters to move the robot arm 1 centimeter.

In Japan, insurance was first applied to prostate cancer surgery in 2012. The prostate, which is the deepest part of the pelvis, is one of the organs where robots forces to surgical assistance can be most exploited. In 2018, the insurance has been approved in a wide range of fields such as digestive organs, heart and gynecology, and it is becoming more and more popular.

In 2009, the patent of “Da Vinci”, which occupies 70% of the world market, finally expired, and the competition for the development of surgical assistance robots is intensifying. Several Japanese companies are also participating in this field, and further growth is expected in the future.

Leonardo da Vinci made around 30 human anatomy by himself and wrote more than 700 detailed anatomical drawings. During the Renaissance, previously forbidden restrictions on human anatomy were lifted and anatomy made significant progress.

Today, more than 500 years after that, I am deeply moved to think that surgical assistance robots bearing the Da Vinci name are active all over the world.

(* This manuscript is an extract and a reissue of “Amazing Human Body”)

Leave a Comment